Philip E. Auerswald's The code economy : a forty-thousand-year history PDF

By Philip E. Auerswald

ISBN-10: 0190226765

ISBN-13: 9780190226763

ISBN-10: 0190226773

ISBN-13: 9780190226770

What do Stone Age axes, Toll condominium cookies, and Burning guy have in universal? they're all examples of code in action.

What is "code"? Code is the DNA of human civilization because it has advanced from Neolithic simplicity to fashionable complexity. it's the "how" of development. it's how rules turn into issues, how parts develop into cookies. it truly is how towns are created and the way industries develop.

In a sweeping narrative that takes readers from the discovery of the alphabet to the arrival of the Blockchain, Philip Auerswald argues that the development of code is the foremost motive force of human background. Over the span of centuries, every one significant level within the develop of code has introduced a shift within the constitution of society that has challenged people to reinvent not just how we paintings yet who we're.

We are in one other of these levels now. The Code financial system explains how the development of code is once more essentially changing the character of labor and the human event. Auerswald offers a well timed research of price production within the modern economy-and an crucial consultant to our financial future.

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Additional info for The code economy : a forty-thousand-year history

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Also like de Prony, those who developed the first digital computer first sought to solve the problem by delegating work among a large number of human computers. This first installment in the history of digital computing illustrates the deep relationships that have existed from the beginning between the evolution of algorithms and the evolution of work. The next chapter will demonstrate that the fact that digital computers are able to outperform humans in performing mental tasks should come as no surprise.

That alphabet—​binary digital code—​is today leading a wave of change that has implications as fundamental to the human experience as the advent of writing. When did this alphabet—​from which the platforms of humanity’s future are being constructed—​originate? Ironically, its origins trace to a year that some at the time believed would mark humanity’s cataclysmic end: 1666. It is with that story that I start the next chapter. 3 Q Machines “The Universal Character” One could carry out the description of a machine, no matter how complicated, in characters which would be merely the letters of the alphabet, and so provide the mind with a method of knowing the machine and all its parts … The human race will have a new kind of instrument which will increase the power of the mind much more than optical lenses strengthen the eyes.

6 52 52 The Advance of Code As Richardson continued to speculate about what he termed a “forecast factory,” the “computers” he had in mind were neither mechanical nor electrical, analog nor digital. They were, in fact, just people performing mathematical computations by hand or with mechanical calculators, using sheets of paper to record their work—​in other words, just the sort of “computers” Gaspard de Prony had used two centuries earlier. 7 At the time Richardson was writing, his concept was indeed closer to a dream than reality.

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The code economy : a forty-thousand-year history by Philip E. Auerswald

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