By Emilio Chuvieco (auth.), Prof. Dr. Emilio Chuvieco (eds.)
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Additional resources for Remote Sensing of Large Wildfires: in the European Mediterranean Basin
1990), since the actual amount of water is the critical parameter in fire behaviour. Different spatial sampling techniques have been proposed for FMC measurements, the most typical being transects and quadrats. Samples are commonly composed of leaves for trees and shrubs, while for grasslands the whole plant is measured (Desbois et al. 1997a). Samples are weighed on the field with portable balances or introduced in ice bags to be weighed at the laboratory. Then, these samples are dried in an oven and weighed again to compute FMC.
In this respect, the use of the recently launched VEGET ATION sensor should prove interesting, with its constant I-Ian resolution and its improved georeferencing. From an operational point of view, this study has clearly shown that NOAAAVHRR images contain information that could be used to monitor and provide some mapping of foliage moisture content. This would give information on a parameter that is considered important by fire fighting authorities, but that up to now could not be monitored conveniently.
However, the results present a certain heterogeneity: for some plots or some species, no index was found significantly correlated, and it is difficult to single out the index that would prove to be the best overall performer, and as such could support an operational application. Three main reasons can be found for this. A first one lies in some aspects linked to the change of scale. As explained earlier, the FMC protocol is a heavy one, particularly if you want to cover a certain number of plots during the 2 to 3hour window corresponding to the maximum vegetation stress.
Remote Sensing of Large Wildfires: in the European Mediterranean Basin by Emilio Chuvieco (auth.), Prof. Dr. Emilio Chuvieco (eds.)