By F. A. M. Mignet
Bonaparte, who had destroyed the freedom of the clicking, created remarkable tribunals, and who had departed an increasing number of from the foundations of the revolution, felt that ahead of he went extra it was once essential to holiday totally with the liberal get together of the 18th Brumaire. In Ventose, yr X. (March, 1802), the main lively of the tribunes have been brushed aside by way of an easy operation of the senate. The tribunate used to be lowered to 80 contributors, and the legislative physique underwent the same purgation.
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Extra info for History of the French Revolution from 1789 to 1814
After this act of courage, it decreed the irremovability of its members, and the incompetence of any who might usurp their functions. This bold manifesto was followed by the arrest of two members, d’Epremenil and Goislard, by the reform of the body, and the establishment of a plenary court. Brienne understood that the opposition of the parliament was systematic, that it would be renewed on every fresh demand for subsidies, or on the authorization of every loan. Exile was but a momentary remedy, which suspended opposition, without destroying it.
A new power had arisen—that of opinion; which, though not recognised, was not the less influential, and whose decrees were beginning to assume sovereign authority. The nation, hitherto a nonentity, gradually asserted its rights, and without sharing power influenced it. Such is the course of all rising powers; they watch over it from without, before they are admitted into the government; then, from the right of control they pass to that of co-operation. The epoch at which the third estate was to share the sway had at last arrived.
Appointed minister in order to find money for the court, he made use of the wants of the court to procure liberties for the people. He re-established the finances by means of order, and made the provinces contribute moderately to their administration. His views were wise and just; they consisted in bringing the revenue to a level with the expenditure, by reducing the latter; by employing taxation in ordinary times, and loans when imperious circumstances rendered it necessary to tax the future as well as the present; by causing the taxes to be assessed by the provincial assemblies, and by instituting the publication of accounts, in order to facilitate loans.
History of the French Revolution from 1789 to 1814 by F. A. M. Mignet