By Anthony G. Pazzanita
Publish yr note: initially released in 1996
Mauritania is bordered by means of Senegal within the south, Mali within the east, Algeria within the a ways northeast, and the disputed territory of Western Sahara to the north. Comprised usually of massive stretches of wasteland, this younger nation has escaped the ravages of the violent interstate and civil conflicts that experience so bedeviled Africa. Mauritanian society possesses old antecedents and a common spiritual religion that has been practiced over numerous centuries.
These features have given the rustic a occasionally fragile yet rather resilient experience of nationwide identification, which has survived into the twenty first century within the face of strong political, nearby, ethnic/racial, and tribal rivalries in view that its independence in 1960. An financial system mostly based at the export of uncooked fabrics, a vulnerable agricultural region, and a harsh weather in so much parts extra upload to the demanding situations confronting all Mauritanians.
The third edition of the Historical Dictionary of Mauritania via its chronology, introductory essay, maps, bibliography, and hundreds and hundreds of cross-referenced dictionary entries on very important individuals, areas, occasions, associations, and important political, monetary, social, and cultural aspects_provides an incredible reference on Mauritania.
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Extra info for Historical Dictionary of Mauritania (3rd Edition)
Xxx • CHRONOLOGY 1644–1674 Char Bobha, or Thirty Years’ War, fought between the Beni Hassan and the Berbers; Berbers are defeated. 1814 Treaty of Paris recognizes French sovereignty over Senegal and present-day Mauritania. 1854–1865 Louis Faidherbe is governor of Senegal; expresses an interest in Mauritania. 1899 France announces its intention to “pacify” Mauritania. 1902 15 December: Xavier Coppolani persuades the rulers of Trarza to accept French control. 1904 February: Coppolani brings Brakna under the control of France.
9 August: In the first antislavery legislation since 1981, the National Assembly unanimously adopts a law punishing slaveholders with up to 10 years’ imprisonment; in addition, any CHRONOLOGY • xlvii “cultural or artistic work defending slavery” in Mauritania can also be punished by up to two years in prison, and it is made a specific offense for any government official not to pursue slave owners. 26 September: Samba Thiam, the president of the exiled FLAM organization, holds a meeting with President Ould Abdellahi at the United Nations in New York, the first time the government and FLAM have officially spoken to one another.
25 percent of the votes cast; a prominent political-religious leader, Mohamed Lemine Ch’bih Ould Cheikh Melainine, however, obtains nearly one-half the votes in Nouadhibou and one-third in Nouakchott. 18 December: Prime Minister Ould Khouna relinquishes his post to Mohamed Lemine Ould Guig of Oualata; a new 22-member cabinet (with three women) is also appointed, and a regime stalwart, Col. Ahmed Ould Minnih, becomes interior minister once again. 1998 13 January: Having been banned in autumn 1997 and thus unable to cover the presidential election, the editor of Mauritanie Nouvelles, Bah Ould Salek, announces he is suspending publication in light of government censorship.
Historical Dictionary of Mauritania (3rd Edition) by Anthony G. Pazzanita