Download PDF by Janos Kornai: From Socialism to Capitalism: Eight Essays

By Janos Kornai

ISBN-10: 1435648269

ISBN-13: 9781435648265

ISBN-10: 9639776165

ISBN-13: 9789639776166

This name includes 8 essays which are hooked up through a variety of universal strands. an important one is the neighborhood of the most subject-matter: socialism, capitalism, democracy, swap of procedure. those 4 expressions conceal 4 phenomena of significant and finished significance. every piece within the booklet offers with those and the connections among them. one of many Leitmotifs is the 'capitalism/socialism' pair of opposites. Capitalism has a background of a number of hundred years, whereas the socialist regime existed just for a number of a long time. yet this pair of opposites used to be principal to the background of the 20th century. This antagonism positioned its stamp on political pondering, at the international coverage and armed forces preparedness of each nation, and on a few appallingly harmful armed conflicts.All those had nice secondary impression on each one country's monetary improvement and the normal of dwelling and disposition of its population. not one of the experiences is constrained to at least one nation - to not Hungary or to the other. each one attempts to include the issues universal to larger devices. notwithstanding, the larger unit comprehended isn't the comparable in each one learn. One might care for the capitalist or socialist procedure typically, one other will the entire post-socialist nations, and a 3rd the imperative East eu area. yet all expand the research past the borders of 1 kingdom.

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Additional info for From Socialism to Capitalism: Eight Essays

Sample text

The study deals exclusively with the “reform socialist system,” seeking to present some of its characteristics. Its aim is a positive analysis, not a normative position. It tries to decide, if a country is at this historical stage, what features will mark its property relations and coordination mechanisms. So it has nothing to say about (1) whether the country remains at this stage; or (2) if not, how it can emerge from this stage and what it should do during the change of system. I expressed my views on these matters in a recent work of mine (The Road to a Free Economy 1990).

It is not possible (or necessary) to prove or refute the theory with a mathematical-logical model. 11 The most important propositions must undergo less subtle but weightier historical tests. The most important testing ground is the process of reform taking place in socialism. 1, Block 1 contains the “genetic program,” the power structure and ideology. In many countries the reform proceeds as an attempt to alter Blocks 2, 3, and 4 while keeping essential features of Block 1 unchanged. The main characteristics of the power structure are retained, yet profound alterations in the system are awaited.

Alternative Forms of Social Organization After this discussion of the private and state-owned sectors, and the roles of bureaucracy and the market in a prototype reform socialist economy, let us now approach the theme of this study from a somewhat more general point of view. 1. 1. Strong and weak linkages Ownership forms Coordination mechanisms State 1 A Bureaucratic coordination Private 2 B Market coordination Cooperative and 3 labor management C Associative coordination Strong linkage Weak linkage When referring to state ownership 1, we have in mind the classical case of bureaucratic centralized state ownership; 2 is private ownership, while A and B refer respectively to bureaucratic and market coordination.

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From Socialism to Capitalism: Eight Essays by Janos Kornai


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