By Jos van Alphen (ed.), Eelco van Beek (ed.), Marco Taal (ed.)
Floods are typical occasions, but if they influence on human environments, they develop into failures which disrupt society. The final many years have obvious an alarming bring up within the variety of significant floods and linked harm on each continent. The effect is extra serious because of inhabitants progress and cost in flood providers components, weather switch and disrupted hydrological cycles. there's now an urgency in regards to the alternate of data on advancements and stories in learn, coverage and administration. The third overseas Symposium on Flood Defence provided new advancements in Sciences (hydrology, ecology, flood modelling and forecasting, details administration and GIS-based determination help systems); Frameworks (institutional and organisational, basin-wide flood management); Policy-making and implementation (government ideas and ways, public knowledge and participation, new innovations resembling probability administration on the subject of weather change); and Measures and strategies (structural and non-structural measures, spatial planning). Case experiences illustrate particular reports and practices in flood keep watch over occasions, for instance, flooding in city components. those Symposium complaints contain approximately a hundred sixty five chosen papers, shows, keynotes and subject experiences as awarded throughout the ISFD3. As a complete this ebook displays a world switch in method: from flood defence in the direction of flood administration. Floods, from Defence to administration is of particular curiosity to researchers, scientists, specialists, managers, donor companies and executive our bodies enthusiastic about coverage making and flood administration.
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Extra info for Floods, from Defence to Management: Symposium Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Flood Defence, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, 25-27 May 2005
In order to analyse data on floods and flooding, a distinction is made between different categories of countries and continents. The categorisation is based on the economic status of countries, as defined by the • • • Definition of floods and flooding Definitions of ‘floods’ and ‘flooding’ are often confounding and mixed up when issues concerning high water stages or peak discharges are portrayed. Here both denominations are defined as follows: • • A flood is defined as a temporary condition of surface water (river, lake, sea), in which the water level and/or discharge exceed a certain value, thereby escaping from their normal confines.
A backwater gate fails, is put out of action or when there is a blockage). ); Urbanisation (sealing) and settlement in flood prone areas; (Men induced) climate variability. Natural causes of floods and flooding Weather patterns determine the amount and location of precipitation and snowfall. The amount and time over which precipitation occurs is not constant for any given area. When the amount of water flowing into an area exceeds the capacity of the river system, the result is usually a flood.
When the moraine dam breaks, masses of water are suddenly released and gush into the areas below. These events are also known as glacial lake outburst floods (GLOF’s). When a steep mountain stream enters a flat valley, there is a sudden decrease in gradient and velocity. Sediment transported is suddenly deposited along the valley walls in an alluvial fan. The mountain stream becomes choked with sediment and breaks up into numerous distributary channels. These obstacles of sediment and debris can cause a flash flood after periods of intense and heavy rainfall.
Floods, from Defence to Management: Symposium Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Flood Defence, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, 25-27 May 2005 by Jos van Alphen (ed.), Eelco van Beek (ed.), Marco Taal (ed.)