By Novartis Foundation
The cerebral cortex is the crowning success of evolution and the organic substrate of human psychological capacities. utilizing a comparative evolutionary developmental method of the examine of its foundation is helping to provide new insights into this complicated and significant challenge. The comparability of immature phases unearths positive factors of evolution which are another way obstructed by way of the complexity of the mature mind, and the research of improvement by way of attainable evolutionary occasions is helping us to target the main biologically appropriate mechanisms. during this e-book, prime specialists within the fields of mammalian, reptilian, avian and amphibian mind improvement and from evolutionary biology, take on the elemental query of the beginning of the cerebral cortex. The booklet comprises serious examinations of tools used to check homology within the relevant frightened procedure and strategies utilized in cladistic research. contemporary facts at the earliest generated temporary cells within the mammalian, reptilian, avian and amphibian forebrain are mentioned, as are attainable homologies in response to particular connectional research. some of the hypotheses at the foundation of the mammalian isocortex are mentioned intimately and new effects are awarded on cortical association in reptiles, birds, marsupials, monotremes and different species.
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Additional info for Evolutionary Developmental Biology of the Cerebral Cortex
In: Galaburda AM, Christen Y (eds) Normal and abnormal development of cortex. Springer-Verlag, Berlin (Res Perspect Neurosci) p 81-89 42 DISCUSSION Rakic P, Kornack DR 2000 Neocortical expansion and elaboration during primate evolution, a view from neuroembryology. In: Gibson K, Falk D (ed) Evolutionary anatomy of primate cerebral cortex. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, in press Rakic P, Stensaas LJ, Say re EP, Sidman RL 1974 Computer-aided three-dimensional reconstruction and quantitative analysis of cells from serial electronmicroscopic montages of foetal monkey brain.
3). Instead this early cortical lamina remains as a superplate beneath which all subsequent waves of migrating cortical neurons collect. In reelin-deficient cerebellum, most Purkinje cells remain lodged deep in the cerebellar parenchyma, surrounding the relatively normally positioned neurons of the DCN. The cells of the EGL appear to complete a normal tangential migration, and the final centripetal migration to the IGL has no reported defects, but is significantly reduced in size due to the overall cytoarchitectonic abnormalities.
Anat Rec 166:257-261 Desmond JE, Fiez JA 1998 Neuroimaging studies of the cerebellum: language, learning and memory. Trends Cognit Sci 2:355-362 Elston GN, Rosa M 1998 Morphological variation of layer III pyramidal neurons in the occipitotemporal pathway of the macaque visual cortex. Cereb Cortex 8:278—294 Kasper EM, Lubke J, Larkman AU, Blakemore C 1994 Pyramidal neurons in layer 5 of the rat visual cortex. III. Differential maturation of axon targeting, dendritic morphology, and electrophysiological properties.
Evolutionary Developmental Biology of the Cerebral Cortex by Novartis Foundation