Download e-book for kindle: European Portugal: The Difficult Road to Sustainable by José M. Magone (auth.)

By José M. Magone (auth.)

ISBN-10: 0230371221

ISBN-13: 9780230371224

ISBN-10: 0312159900

ISBN-13: 9780312159900

ISBN-10: 1349396982

ISBN-13: 9781349396986

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He also resigned his presidency of the party. In the party congress of February 1995, Franco Nogueira, the present foreign minister, was elected as new leader of the PSD. ) To sum up, on the whole the European integration process and the process of democratic consolidation have had a positive spillover effect on each other and democracy in Portugal is well-established. The 36 European Portugal two absolute electoral majorities of the PSD made a major contribution to regularising and professionalising the political arena.

The political regime was well entrenched in both contin·ental Portugal and the colonies. The third period coincided with the start of the Cold War in 1947-8, and the creation of Cominform in Warsaw gave the authoritarian regime a feeling of respectability. Although the opposition -consisting of republicans, monarchists and communists - was able to challenge the government in elections, this was without effect because the elections were ·controlled by the Salazarist electoral machine. In the fourth period, the 1950s, Portugal joined several international organisation), such as the United Nations (UN) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO).

183-204; Bruneau, 1984, pp. 89-106). The coalition government was facing several difficulties in different policy areas. Inertia in some of the ministries - for example, health, social affairs and education - prevented an overall reform of the state. This was exacerbated by internal divisions in the coalition government. In view of all these problems and the permanently poor economic situation, Pinto Balsemao resigned from office in December 1982. New elections were called for April 1983. 30 European Portugal To sum up, this early period of consolidation was characterised by a high degree of instability in the political, economic, social and cultural spheres, a legacy of the revolutionary period.

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European Portugal: The Difficult Road to Sustainable Democracy by José M. Magone (auth.)

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