By Partha Dasgupta, Paul Stoneman
A growing to be information of the contribution that technological switch has made and will make to monetary and social welfare has introduced technology and expertise coverage to the leading edge of public discussions in either nationwide and foreign boards. The papers during this quantity, first offered at a Centre for monetary coverage learn convention held in London in September 1986 at the Economics of expertise coverage, symbolize a panoramic contribution to the controversy. normally geared toward the non-specialist, the papers conceal either the event and alertness of coverage in addition to supplying in-depth discussions of the explanation for intervention within the strategy of technological swap. The authors contain either policy-makers (Barber, Ergas and White) and the tutorial economists (Dasgupta, David, Griliches, Lyons, Pakes, Stiglitz and Stoneman). the amount can be of specific curiosity to policy-makers and their advisers keen on technology-related concerns and may give a contribution considerably to undergraduate and graduate classes within the comparable region.
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Extra resources for Economic Policy and Technological Performance
It is always possible to set up government-sponsored data bases, or use embassies as scientific and technological listening posts, in order to improve the knowledge of UK firms about foreign technology. But if the firms themselves are not prepared to use such facilities then little will have been achieved. Technological collaboration 31 An increasingly important element of UK technology policy is to encourage collaboration between UK firms, and between UK firms and their foreign counterparts. Collaboration between domestic firms in the same industry (a) enables them to pool technological knowledge; (b) permits them to share the costs of generic research where technological and commercial benefits may be long-term and very uncertain, and thus between them to cover a wider range of technological possibilities than any of them could have afforded alone; (c) enables them to share the costs of the heavy up front R&D which may be necessary to enter certain markets; (d) if properly managed can enable them to accelerate the development of technology.
Likewise, for R&D investment. The 'products' are probability distributions of different kinds of benefits. And so we are faced with a portfolio problem in investment. But we have here a portfolio problem which is different from the usual real investment portfolio problems faced by society. For a given product the benefits are, as we noted in Section III, not additive: only the best outcome counts. To illustrate the difference consider the installation of two manufacturing plants designed to produce the same commodity.
Intervention is directed much more at the objective of correcting failures in the market mechanism rather than towards grand strategies. 8 Lastly but not least the rise of new science-based industries, such as those associated with information technology, which offer enormous economic potential, has further increased the importance attached to science and technology as a source of future wealth and prosperity. Such industries are heavily dependent on R&D as the main source of their technology, and even the use of their products often requires significant technological know-how.
Economic Policy and Technological Performance by Partha Dasgupta, Paul Stoneman