Download e-book for iPad: Dictionary of Global Climate Change by W. John Maunder (auth.)

By W. John Maunder (auth.)

ISBN-10: 1461568412

ISBN-13: 9781461568414

ISBN-10: 1461568439

ISBN-13: 9781461568438

Climate, weather swap, weather fluctuations and climatic developments are just some of the phrases used at the present time, in not just meetings, medical symposia and workshops, but additionally parliaments and in discussions all through society. To climatologists those phrases will be popular; to nearly all of humans, although, they're new, they usually require definition and clarification. the realm Meteorological association (WMO) inherited an curiosity and involvement within the experiences of weather and weather switch from its predecessor, the foreign Meteorological association (IMo), which used to be proven in 1873. through 1929 the IMO had manage a fee for Climatology to accommodate issues regarding weather stories. whilst, in 1950, the area Meteorological association assumed the mantle of the IMO, it retained the fee which, between different duties, had already well-known the necessity for the definition and explana­ tion of phrases utilized in climatology. It should also be stated that a lot of what we now learn about weather derives from the medical and technical programmes co­ ordinated by way of IMO and now, to a far higher volume, through WMO. In 1979, the 1st international weather convention made an overview of the prestige of information of weather and weather variability, and prompt the institution of an international weather Programme. this advice was once totally counseled through the 8th global Meteorological Congress, and the realm weather Programme used to be subse­ quently proven by way of WMO in co-operation with the foreign Council of medical Unions (ICSU) and the United international locations setting Programme (UNEP).

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Agricultural meteorology The study and application of meteorology and climatology (including weather forecasting) to the specific problems of agriculture. Agriculture is the production of food and fibre in all its forms - crops for human and animal consumption, pasture and range for animal grazing, and crops (including wool and wood) as raw materials for manufactured products. Hence, agricultural meteorology. (and/ or agricultural climatology) deals with the meteorological and climatological aspects of farming, ranching, and forestry, as well as with substances required for production such as water for irrigation, fertilizer, and agricultural chemicals, and the transportation of the products to markets.

Airborne particulates Airborne particulates are suspended matter found in the atmosphere. They include windblown dust, emissions from industrial processes, smoke from the burning of wood and coal, and the exhaust of motor vehicles. air-sea interaction Air-sea interaction occurs because the atmosphere and the oceans constitute a single mechanical and thermodynamic system of two coupled fluids, and transfers of heat, momentum, solids and gases take place across the air I sea boundary. Because the air I sea boundary is a moving surface of great complexity, observation of these fluxes is frequently difficult, moreover the interaction occurs in a manner that is so complex that cause and effect cannot always be distinguished.

The implications of climate change in the Asian-Pacific Region were specifically considered by the Seminar, and the chairman's summary stated that, despite wide diversity in environmental and socioeconomic conditions, we are aware that the Asian-Pacific nations have special concern for climate change from the following three viewpoints: • Regional climate phenomena such as the monsoons, the EI Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO), and tropical cyclones have crucial importance in the region. • Climate change and associated sea-level rise could have severe adverse impacts on many Asian-Pacific countries, especially on small island nations and low-lying areas, with effects possibly including coastal inundation, decrease of agricultural production, and harm to human health.

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Dictionary of Global Climate Change by W. John Maunder (auth.)

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