By Heikki Eskelinen, Folke Snickars
Europe's area is in a flux. previous cores and peripheries in Europe are experiencing a profound transformation. The using forces contain, among others, Western ecu financial and political integration, and jap eu transition. we're additionally witnessing primary technological and organisational restructuring of business structures. details expertise and telecommunications are swiftly changing the requirements for comparative virtue. Peripherality is being made up our minds extra by way of entry to networks than by way of geographical place. Economies of scale may be attained in allotted networks of creation with reliable entry to markets in addition to in huge agglomerations. basically, those adjustments additionally demand new views in neighborhood research. This ebook derives its impetus from a sophisticated summer season institute in neighborhood technological know-how which was once prepared in Joensuu, Finland, in 1993 less than the auspices of the ecu neighborhood technology organization. many of the papers, which have been mentioned on the institute, have been completely revised for the current goal. moreover, chapters on particular issues have been in particular written for the quantity. In such a lot contributions, the focal point is at the Nordic nations and their inner peripheries. They shape a very attention-grabbing case in assessing clients for the multi-faceted centre-periphery disagreement in Europe.
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Additional resources for Competitive European Peripheries
The internationalisation of economies and the integration of -local and national production systems complements regionalism and federalism in the governance structures of the economy. In fact, it is typical of regional economies to imply a close integration not only of product markets, but also the flows of the factors of production. Thus, the internationalisation process transforms nation states into large regions whieh are internally highly heterogeneous. This may require the regionalisation of individual national systems.
Knowles, R. (1993)~ 'Research Agendas in Transport Geography for the 1990s', Journal of Transport Geography, 1: 1, 3-11. , M. Wegener and O. Sviden (1992), The Geography of Europe's Futures, Belhaven, London. Nijkamp, P. (1993a), 'Towards a Network of Regions: The United States of Europe', European Planning Studies, 1:2, 149-168. Nijkamp, P. ) (1993b), Europe on the Move, Avebury, A1dershot. , G. Pepping, and A. Reggiani (1993), 'Examples of European Transport Networks and Corridors', Technology Reviews.
The 'user charge' principle in transport policy has in particular become a success in those countries where suppliers and users of trans- 32 P. ). , from the car or lorry to the train) will critically depend on the willingness to implement such incentives. A subsequent issue - and probably the most difficult one - is the design of an assessment/evaluation methodology for transport network policy-making. , informatics, telematics). 1). 1. A policy evaluation scheme for network operators roles of actors barriers indigenous features demand supply demand supply synergy interoperability interconnectivity intermodality types of modes product orientation technologies organisation regulatory regimes financing schemes pricing schemes product orientation Clearly, the implementation of this scheme would require quite some field work, in which measurable indicators would have to be gathered.
Competitive European Peripheries by Heikki Eskelinen, Folke Snickars