By Max Koch
This ebook discusses weather switch as a social factor, interpreting the incompatibility of capitalist improvement and Earth's physical limits and the way those were regulated in numerous methods. It addresses the hyperlinks among modes of intake, strength regimes and weather swap in the course of Fordism and finance-driven capitalism.
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Extra resources for Capitalism and Climate Change: Theoretical Discussion, Historical Development and Policy Responses
Similarly, geographic distances between different production stages and locations of production and sales, which delay both the production and the sale of commodities, are reduced through the improvement of infrastructure (roads, bridges, railways, airports, harbours and so on) and of communications (telegraph, telephone, Internet and the like). Yet, although long-term capitalist development with regard to its value side is characterised by ‘time–space compression’ (Harvey, 1990), we have already noted that the transformations of material and energy that characterise the use-value side of commodities are linear and irreversible.
With regard to climate change, the structural perspective allows for the important hypothesis that rising CO2 emissions are caused by the capitalist mode of production’s long-term trend of expansion of the scale of production and by the associated increase in material and energy throughput. But this perspective is too abstract and general to explain why CO2 outputs per economic unit differ between Fordist and post-Fordist growth strategies, or why one capitalist country (say, Sweden) presents considerably lower CO2 outputs per capita than another capitalist country (say, the USA).
The tendency towards temporal and geographic ‘simultaneity’ suggested by the logic of valorisation, and in particular by the logic of increasingly rapid turnover cycles, is indeed ‘unattainable’ and in contradiction to the irreversible and linear character of all work processes, which, regardless of their social forms, follow a ‘ “time-arrow” moving from the past through the present to the future’ (Altvater, 1993, p. 200) and are accompanied by a decline in the quality of the respective matter and energy.
Capitalism and Climate Change: Theoretical Discussion, Historical Development and Policy Responses by Max Koch