By Helen Parr
Harold Wilson’s obvious volte-face on ecu neighborhood club within the autumn of 1966 has lengthy wondered commentators and Wilson’s colleagues alike. according to interviews, deepest papers and lately published facts from the nationwide files, this ebook presents a clean interpretation of Wilson’s coverage in the direction of the eu Community.
Studying the improvement of Britain’s coverage among 1964 whilst Harold Wilson took place of work, and 1967 while the French President basic de Gaulle vetoed Britain’s club software for a moment time, this ebook examines the explanation behind the British approach, explaining why Wilson introduced an initiative for club whilst the French appeared absolute to impede. additionally discussing Wilson’s dealing with of the cupboard, and laying off mild on Britain’s international relations in the direction of the Six, this paintings locations British coverage in the direction of Europe in the context of its international coverage transition from an international to a nearby position.
Examining a tremendous occasion in Anglo-European kin, this is often crucial analyzing for college kids of post-war British heritage, and for these attracted to Britain’s old dating with Europe.
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Additional info for Britain's Policy Towards the European Community: Harold Wilson and Britain's World Role, 1964-1967
73 In November 1964, the prospect that the Six would have to reach agreement on cereal prices led to a repeat of the fears that the Community could unravel. 74 Wilson took these threats seri-ously. Sir Charles Johnston, head of the European Economic Organisations Department (EEOD) at the Foreign Office, wrote to the Permanent Under Secretary Sir Harold Caccia early in November to warn that de Gaulle was preparing some initiative to the EEC ‘which might take the form of withdrawing France from it, or of an empty chair policy’.
103 Moreover, the creation of a new force would encourage global tendencies towards nuclear proliferation. 104 Harold Wilson, Britain’s world role and the European Community 27 To foil discussion on the MLF, Wilson proposed the alternative of the Atlantic Nuclear Force (ANF). 106 Instead, Wilson promised to ‘renegotiate Nassau’, the agreement made between Macmillan and Kennedy for the British purchase of Polaris nuclear weapons. The ANF, which promised to commit Britain’s V-bombers to a multilateral force, was one way to ‘renegotiate Nassau’.
32 Entry into the European Community was the only means by which Britain could preserve a global presence. Thus, behind the Foreign Office’s support for a British future in Britain's policy towards the European Community 18 Europe was an assumption of mastery: it was only via a political relationship with Europe that Britain could sustain an international role. The wider foreign and defence policy-making community shared many of O’Neill’s conclusions. Under the chairmanship of the Cabinet Secretary and Chair of the Overseas Policy and Defence Committee (OPD), Sir Burke Trend, officials had conducted a review of Britain’s defence posture prior to the 1964 election.
Britain's Policy Towards the European Community: Harold Wilson and Britain's World Role, 1964-1967 by Helen Parr