By Kiyoshi Hirowatari
This e-book presents a distinct viewpoint at the decline of sterling and Britain's responsive financial policy-making within the 1960's and '70s.
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Extra info for Britain and European Monetary Cooperation, 1964–1979
The deterioration of the United States’ external position had caused an accumulation of foreign dollar holdings, which raised doubt about the ability of the United States to honour its commitment to dollar–gold convertibility. 53 Floating exchange rates, however, were not practicable, given the interdependence of European trade and the economy. Many European leaders feared that ‘the adoption of a more ﬂexible exchange rate system would ultimately destroy the EEC itself’: ‘The solution in their vision of Europe .
This book is an attempt to ﬁll a gap in the historiography on Britain and European monetary cooperation in two respects. First, it aims to widen the focus to take account of the 1970s, leading up to the denouement which arrived ‘rather unexpectedly’ – the 1976 IMF crisis. While clearly setting a European approach against an international approach to sterling, this perspective highlights the process of two sentiments – the loss of monetary sovereignty and the decline of sterling–dollar diplomacy – overwhelming British policy-makers.
Part of the backdrop to his lectures was an increase in the speculative pressure on sterling, and one of the important topics in the lectures was the sterling problem. While Heath expected the European countries to support sterling against the speculative pressure with Basle-type assistance, it was by focusing on the two dimensions of sterling – as a reserve currency and as a trading currency – that he emphasised ‘a need for the international liquidity problem to be dealt with in the context of .
Britain and European Monetary Cooperation, 1964–1979 by Kiyoshi Hirowatari