Read e-book online Biopiracy: The Plunder of Nature and Knowledge PDF

By Vandana Shiva

ISBN-10: 0896085554

ISBN-13: 9780896085558

In this intelligently argued and principled ebook, the world over popular 3rd international environmentalist Vandana Shiva exposes the newest frontier of the North's ongoing attack opposed to the South's organic and different assets. because the land, the forests, the oceans, and the ambience have already been colonized, eroded, and polluted, she argues, Northern capital is now carving out new colonies to take advantage of for achieve: the internal areas of the our bodies of ladies, vegetation and animals.

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Example text

In this story, lack of confidence that his idea can be protected would in all probability lead Carlos to a negative decision at each of these decision points. If the story of Carlos is multiplied many times across a landscape, that country’s opportunity loss is devastating. When an effective protection system becomes a reality, confidence will grow that intellectual assets are valuable and protectable. 3 Central to the ideology of IPRs is the fallacy that people are creative only if they can make profits and guarantee them through IPR protection.

The conflicts that have been unleashed by the GATT treaty, by patents on life-forms, by the patenting of indigenous knowledge, and by genetic engineering are grounded in processes that can be summarized and symbolized as the second coming of Columbus. At the heart of Columbus’s “discovery” was the treatment of piracy as a natural right of the colonizer, necessary for the deliverance of the colonized. At the heart of the GATT treaty and its patent laws is the treatment of biopiracy as a natural right of Western corporations, necessary for the “development” of Third World communities.

Currently, well over 190 genetically engineered animals, including fish, cows, mice, and pigs, are figuratively standing in line to be patented by a variety of researchers and corporations. According to Kimbrell: The Supreme Court’s Chakravarty decision has been extended to be continued, up the chain of life. 2 Biodiversity has been redefined as “biotechnological invention” to make the patenting of life-forms appear less controversial. These patents are valid for 20 years and, hence, cover future generations of plants and animals.

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Biopiracy: The Plunder of Nature and Knowledge by Vandana Shiva


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