By Phillip Clark
Atlas of scientific Avian Hematology is a realistic advisor to the hematological features of birds. Illustrated all through with many colour pictures, this wealthy source aids interpretation of hematological facts, and promotes the actual category of hematological cells and identity of pathological changes.
Covering over a hundred species of birds, the Atlas illustrates the overall hematological features of birds; the hematological diversifications encountered among the various Orders of birds; and the hematological responses to sickness of birds, utilizing scientific situations from many species of birds and a number scientific disorders.
- Describes easy methods to acquire and deal with blood samples from birds to most sensible safeguard the standard of the blood.
- Highly illustrated, colour consultant to the hematological features of birds
- Case facts and pictures illustrates the avian hematological responses to disease
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Additional resources for Atlas of Clinical Avian Hematology
1986). 5%). Consequently, in the authors’ opinion, “estimated counts” should be reserved for situations where there is no facility to perform quantitative measurement of leukocyte concentration. 2 General hematological characteristics of birds INTRODUCTION The blood of all birds contains erythrocytes, leukocytes and thrombocytes. In contrast to mammals, the mature cells of each of these lines retain their nucleus throughout the life of the cell. The vast majority of avian species require effective circulation of erythrocytes to provide adequate oxygen to the muscles of flight.
It is likely that some variation in the magnitude of distension occurs between species and consequently additional studies that encompass a wide range of species are needed to determine the “typical” three-dimensional form of avian erythrocytes. Avian erythrocytes are larger than those encountered in mammals. 16 µm in width (Lavin et al. 1992). 4 µm in width (Samour et al. 2005). 00 µm in width (Gayathri & Hedge 1994). These dimensions correlate to a mean corpuscular volume of about 150 fL. Some variation occurs between species, with the mean MCV reported to be: demoiselle crane (Grus virgo) 154– 162 fL (Hawkey et al.
The light microscopic appearance of erythrocytes from this species is shown in Figures 68, 194 and 195. Figure 51 Erythrocytes from a barn owl (Tyto alba) viewed by scanning electron microscopy. The erythrocytes are ovoid and lack a distinct distension of the central region of the cell. Mild anisocytosis can be discerned. The light microscopic appearance of erythrocytes from this species is depicted in Figures 57, 73–78. Figure 52 Scanning electron micrograph showing three erythrocytes from the blood of a blue-breasted quail (Coturnix chinensis).
Atlas of Clinical Avian Hematology by Phillip Clark