National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life's Analysis of Global Change Assessments: Lessons Learned PDF

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, Committee on Analysis of Global Change Assessments

ISBN-10: 0309104858

ISBN-13: 9780309104852

ISBN-10: 0309105455

ISBN-13: 9780309105453

Worldwide swap exams tell determination makers concerning the clinical underpinnings of a variety of environmental concerns, similar to weather switch, stratospheric ozone depletion, and lack of biodiversity. Dozens of checks were carried out so far via a variety of U.S. and foreign teams, a lot of them influencing public rules, expertise improvement, and learn instructions. This record analyzes strengths and weaknesses of 8 previous tests to notify destiny efforts. universal components of potent checks contain powerful management, wide engagement with and affected events, a clear science-policy interface, and good outlined communique innovations. The file identifies eleven crucial parts of potent tests and recommends that destiny tests comprise choice help instruments that utilize info on the local and native point the place judgements are made.

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2000). , legitimate and credible) (Habermas 1970; Renn et al. 1995). Because trust conflates fairness and competence (Habermas 1970), the terms “credibility” and “legitimacy” are used instead throughout this report to distinguish the two sources of trust (Ravetz 1971; Clark and Majone 1985; Social Learning Group 2001a). Legitimacy implies that those who have a view on the issue, and those who will be affected by decisions that emerge from the process, have the opportunity to have a say in the process either directly or through a third party whom they trust.

However, these bases of trust among scientists are not always shared by those engaged in global change politics (Jasanoff 1987). In fact, since issues of global change are so complex, a large nonexpert community judges the risks and 39 Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html 40 ANALYSIS OF GLOBAL CHANGE ASSESSMENTS benefits associated with an issue based on the trust it has in the institution or process (Earle and Cvetkovich 1995; Siegrist et al. 2000). , legitimate and credible) (Habermas 1970; Renn et al.

2006; Mitchell et al. 2006). 3). Credibility concerns the technical quality of an assessment, as perceived by relevant scientific or other expert communities. 3 Salience, Credibility, and Legitimacy The three essential properties of an effective assessment process are: • Salience relates to the perceived relevance of information: Does the system provide information that decision makers think they need, in a form and at a time that they can use it? • Credibility addresses the perceived technical quality of information.

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Analysis of Global Change Assessments: Lessons Learned by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, Committee on Analysis of Global Change Assessments


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