The creation of language and integration assessments as a for naturalisation and different varieties of criminal place of dwelling allows displays an immense contemporary switch in citizenship guidelines in eu international locations. during this booklet, specialists from 9 nations re
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Extra resources for A Re-definition of Belonging?
P. 4. , p. 7. Introduction 17 section of the Communication, entitled ‘Governance of Migration’, invited the European Council to endorse these principles. The European Pact on Immigration and Asylum submitted by the French Presidency in autumn 2008 mirrored national trends, thereby lending legitimacy to the unidirectional conception of integration featured in national arenas. In a draft version, the ‘two-way process of mutual accommodation’ (CBP 1) was clearly shown as a ‘one-way process’, since migrants would have to enter into a compulsory integration contract that would require them to conform to the national identity of the Member State in order to obtain permission to settle in the EU.
This is achieved by raising income thresholds, requiring proof of legal residence in, not just registration with, the municipality for a certain period of time and the introduction of naturalisation tests. In addition, Perchinig argues that the main political goal of the nationality law reform of 2005 was to make the conditions for family Introduction 19 reunification with spouses from abroad more stringent. Since family reunification for third-country nationals is restricted by an annual quota, the spouses of Austrian citizens can join their partners without quota – representing restrictions.
28 Bernhard Perchinig The social experiences of the pupils are an important point of reference for civic education. 1 In this sense, the Austrian naturalisation tests, which simply ask about factual knowledge of the constitution and the institutional framework of the Austrian political system, are by no means a measure of the capabilities deemed necessary for political participation by modern standards of civic education. So why are they employed? In a Foucaultian understanding of ‘governmentality’, ‘the art of government’ is not limited to state politics, but includes a wide range of control techniques, including self-control.
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